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Evaluation of different nanofiltration membranes for reuse of biologically treated denim textile mill wastewater

Doi Kodu

doi: 10.5004/dwt.2017.20798


Sayfa Sayısı



Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the reuse possibility with nanofiltration (NF) membranes of
biologically treated textile wastewater (COD: 350 mg/L, color: 108.9 m–1 and conductivity: 2,843 μS/cm)
of a local textile factory (denim washing and dyeing) in Tekirdag, Turkey. For this aim, the flux and
permeate quality was evaluated within the context of COD, color and conductivity with different
NF membranes (NP010 and NP030) under various pressures (4, 6, 8 and 10 bar). On the other hand
mass transfer coefficients were calculated with Nernst–Planck equation based on experimental results.
When compared with literature, NF permeate water was found to be alternative to freshwater in textile
wet processing. According to the Nernst–Planck equation, the Bs (mass transfer coefficient) and
Rs (removal coefficient) values are obtained. Rs and Bs values were determined as follows: 0.982 and
0.994 for COD, 0.995 and 0.959 for color, 0.295 and 0.3403 for conductivity and 6.79 and 3.38 for COD,
4.90 and 0.54 for color, 27.39 and 15.87 for conductivity, respectively. According to Bs and Rs, NP030
membrane was determined as the most convenient membrane for aerobically pre-treated wastewater.
Keywords: Reuse; Nanofiltration; Textile wastewater; Mass transfer coefficient


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